Monthly Archives: March 2013

IPSEC between Mikrotik router and a Shrew client

This article shows how to connect Shrew Ipsec client to RouterOS IPSEC server (article from MikroTik wiki).

Shrew client works on both Windows (without need of L2TP) and Linux, see more details in their website

RouterOS Configuration

Lets assume that we already have IP connectivity between client and server. Client’s IP address will be 10.5.101.20 and servers IP address will be 10.5.101.3.

IPSec configuration

/ip ipsec peer 
  add address=10.5.101.20/32 auth-method=pre-shared-key exchange-mode=main\
  secret=123 hash-algorithm=md5 enc-algorithm=3des generate-policy=yes

Since we assume that it is Road-Warrior setup, we do not know from where client will be connecting, so generate-policy=yes should be set.
The rest of the configuration is default

Shrew client configuration

Now we need to match configuration on Shrew client. And assume that we want to reach remote network 99.77.77.0/24 located behind router from Shew client

Note: RouterOS does not support modecfg and xauth. We need to disable every dynamic option in shew

  • On the first configuration tab (“General”) we simply specify server’s IP address.
  • On the second tab (“Client”) disable any features that you do not want to use. In this case we are not using NAT-T, DPD, etc. So all of them are disabled.
Shew1-2.png

 

  • On the third tab (“Name Resolution”) we disable everything since these options are used by modecfg, which is not supported on ROS.
  • On the fourth tab In our case we are using pre shared key, so choose Mutual PSK and enter pre shared key.
Shew3-4.png

 

  • On “Phase1” and “Phase2” tabs we match configuration to the RouterOS config. Phase1 should match /ip ipsec peer config and Phase 2 should match /ip ipsec proposal config
Shew5-6.png

 

  • And the last one we manually set which network we want to reach so that Ipsec can generate proper policies.
Shew7.png

Here is the whole Shew config, you can import it in your client

n:version:2
n:network-ike-port:500
n:network-mtu-size:1380
n:network-natt-port:4500
n:network-natt-rate:15
n:network-frag-size:540
n:network-dpd-enable:0
n:client-banner-enable:0
n:network-notify-enable:0
n:client-wins-used:0
n:client-wins-auto:1
n:client-dns-used:0
n:client-dns-auto:0
n:client-splitdns-used:0
n:client-splitdns-auto:0
n:phase1-dhgroup:2
n:phase1-life-secs:86400
n:phase1-life-kbytes:0
n:vendor-chkpt-enable:0
n:phase2-life-secs:3600
n:phase2-life-kbytes:0
n:policy-nailed:1
n:policy-list-auto:0
s:network-host:10.5.101.3
s:client-auto-mode:pull
s:client-iface:direct
s:network-natt-mode:disable
s:network-frag-mode:disable
s:auth-method:mutual-psk
s:ident-client-type:address
s:ident-server-type:address
s:ident-client-data:10.5.101.20
s:ident-server-data:10.5.101.3
b:auth-mutual-psk:MTIz
s:phase1-exchange:main
s:phase1-cipher:3des
s:phase1-hash:md5
s:phase2-transform:esp-3des
s:phase2-hmac:md5
s:ipcomp-transform:disabled
n:phase2-pfsgroup:2
s:policy-level:require
s:policy-list-include:99.77.77.0 / 255.255.255.0

Check Connectivity

[admin@MikroTik] /ip ipsec remote-peers> print 
 0 local-address=10.5.101.3 remote-address=10.5.101.20 state=established 
   side=responder established=44m3s
  • IPSec should show intalled-sa,
[admin@MikroTik] /ip ipsec installed-sa> print 
Flags: A - AH, E - ESP, P - pfs 
 0 E  spi=0x476464 src-address=10.5.101.20 dst-address=10.5.101.3 
      auth-algorithm=md5 enc-algorithm=3des replay=4 state=mature 
      auth-key="fae8bc2918fea03dac0b7c8b6db57c60" 
      enc-key="15627d42163ad1fd58ee7cdc80d971d334883dbd2d81c42c" 
      addtime=sep/27/2012 13:51:07 expires-in=15m32s add-lifetime=48m/1h 
      current-bytes=240 

 1 E  spi=0x5D4BF3B9 src-address=10.5.101.3 dst-address=10.5.101.20 
      auth-algorithm=md5 enc-algorithm=3des replay=4 state=mature 
      auth-key="728b19191d2a111673298c07d1f459c2" 
      enc-key="c944c45447df5429860d3999e674e1689bb41527ec941c9a" 
      addtime=sep/27/2012 13:51:07 expires-in=15m32s add-lifetime=48m/1h 
      current-bytes=240
  • And dynamically created policies
[admin@MikroTik] /ip ipsec policy> print 
Flags: X - disabled, D - dynamic, I - inactive 

 1 D src-address=10.5.101.20/32 src-port=any dst-address=99.77.77.0/24 
     dst-port=any protocol=all action=encrypt level=require ipsec-protocols=esp 
     tunnel=yes sa-src-address=10.5.101.3 sa-dst-address=10.5.101.20 
     proposal=default priority=2 

 2 D src-address=10.5.101.20/32 src-port=any dst-address=99.77.77.0/24 
     dst-port=any protocol=all action=encrypt level=require ipsec-protocols=esp 
     tunnel=yes sa-src-address=10.5.101.3 sa-dst-address=10.5.101.20 
     proposal=default priority=2 

 3 D src-address=99.77.77.0/24 src-port=any dst-address=10.5.101.20/32 
     dst-port=any protocol=all action=encrypt level=require ipsec-protocols=esp 
     tunnel=yes sa-src-address=10.5.101.20 sa-dst-address=10.5.101.3 
     proposal=default priority=2

Allow only encrypted traffic

We want local network behind the server to be reachable only by VNP users using encryption and drop other un-encrypted access. To do so we will need to set up firewall on the router.

First step is to allow ispec related packets. Rules allows also AH protocol and NAT-T port, which is not used in current setup but added for future use.

/ip firewall filter
add chain=ipsec protocol=ipsec-esp
add chain=ipsec protocol=ipsec-ah
add chain=ipsec protocol=udp src-port=500
add chain=ipsec protocol=udp src-port=4500

Now we add the typical rules to allow established/related connections in input chain and jump to ipsec chain

/ip firewall filter
add chain=input connection-state=established
add chain=input connection-state=related
add action=jump chain=input in-interface=WAN jump-target=ipsec

After decrypting ipsec packets they appear in IP firewall like regular packets. For more information see packet flow example.

Now the trick is to determine which packets with destination (99.77.77.0/24) arrived over the ipsec tunnel. To do that we use mangle to mark ESP packets

/ip firewall mangle
add action=mark-packet chain=prerouting in-interface=WAN new-packet-mark=\
    ipsec-encrypted passthrough=no protocol=ipsec-esp

After packets are marked we can add firewall rules to accept encrypted packets and drop the rest

/ip firewall filter
add chain=input in-interface=WAN packet-mark=ipsec-encrypted
add action=reject chain=input dst-address=99.77.77.0/24

Do the same in forward chain

/ip firewall filter
add chain=forward connection-state=established
add chain=forward connection-state=related
add chain=forward in-interface=WAN packet-mark=ipsec-encrypted
add action=reject chain=forward dst-address=99.77.77.0/24

Testing firewall

After setting firewall connect Shrew client and run ping from the client to destination network.

C:\Users\T>ping 99.77.77.1 -t

Pinging 99.77.77.1 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 99.77.77.1: bytes=32 time=9ms TTL=64
Reply from 99.77.77.1: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=64
Reply from 99.77.77.1: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=64
Reply from 99.77.77.1: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=64

We can see in mangle and filters that packets are successfully matched and accepted

[admin@MikroTik] /ip firewall mangle> print stats 
Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid, D - dynamic 
 #   CHAIN                ACTION                            BYTES         PACKETS
 0   prerouting           mark-packet                       2 240              20

[admin@MikroTik] /ip firewall filter> print stats chain=forward
Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid, D - dynamic 
 #   CHAIN                ACTION                            BYTES         PACKETS
 0   forward              accept                                0               0
 1   forward              accept                                0               0
 2   forward              accept                            1 500              25
 3   forward              reject                                0               0

Now disconnect shrew client and you will notice that immediately ping throws an error that network is unreachable

Reply from 99.77.77.1: bytes=32 time=17ms TTL=64
Reply from 99.77.77.1: bytes=32 time=4ms TTL=64
Reply from 99.77.77.1: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=64
Reply from 99.77.77.1: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=64
Request timed out.
Reply from 10.5.101.3: Destination net unreachable.
Reply from 10.5.101.3: Destination net unreachable.
Reply from 10.5.101.3: Destination net unreachable.
Reply from 10.5.101.3: Destination net unreachable.
Reply from 10.5.101.3: Destination net unreachable.

And in firewall filtes you will see that last five packets are rejected by the reject rule.

[admin@MikroTik] /ip firewall filter> print stats chain=forward
Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid, D - dynamic 
 #   CHAIN                ACTION                            BYTES         PACKETS
 0   forward              accept                                0               0
 1   forward              accept                                0               0
 2   forward              accept                           15 600             260
 3   forward              reject                              300               5